The Soul & Substance Dualism (Part 3): The 2nd Issue of Contention- The Nature of the Conscious Subject
YouTube Video = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQJY7o6qxM8
Note: This was originally posted on the S&S website.
In Part 3, I provide 4 pro-soul arguments in favour of my minimal definition of substance dualism (i.e.- that our essential selves are not a physical substance).
The 4 arguments include; i)The Unity of Consciousness Argument, ii) The Enduring Self Argument, iii) The Freewill Argument (which involves a detailed excursus on the 5 general areas of disagreement between Libertarian and Compatibilists notions of “freedom”) and finally, iv) The Modal Argument for Substance Dualism.
Recommended Sources (for further study);
1. Four 15-min videos presenting some Pro-Soul/Substance Dualism arguments which including 3 arguments for substance dualism that I neglected to use in my series for time sake (Parts 17a-d) by Dr. Dale Tuggy, starting here = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btAwpXhqmiw .
Note that this series includes the version of the Modal Argument I used in the show (with a better explanation and visual aids) in Video 17d at approx the 5 min 50 seconds mark, here = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXw7-yKhZ-U . Note also that one of our listeners Travis R. mentions that the Modal Argument for Substance Dualism assumes the truth of “Transworld Identity”- see discussion here = https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/identity-transworld/ . On Transworld issues I take Dr. Alvin Plantinga’s notion to be the right one, see his article, Transworld Identity or Worldbound Individuals?, on it here = https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/38bb/7ae2d6a7cf3eba211a9e69e1a9d9c5cae5e2.pdf or in the attachment below;
2. Two short 10-min videos on Substance Dualism by a skeptic, starting in Part 1 here = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RS4PW35-Y00
3. Where Does our Mental Substance reside Video by Crash Course (10-min) = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3SJROTXnmus
4. One of our Skeptical listeners Darren, provided the following resources related to the material I presented during this episode;
For those that are curious, here is the current philosophical landscape around free will.
The Long Version:
Free Will: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/freewill/
How philosophers fall on the subject:
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will (determanism)?
Accept or lean toward: compatibilism 550 / 931 (59.1%)
Other 139 / 931 (14.9%)
Accept or lean toward: libertarianism 128 / 931 (13.7%)
Accept or lean toward: no free will 114 / 931 (12.2%)
*** Note- We also had a mention on the Measure of Faith blog site (Travis R)- https://measureoffaith.blog/2019/08/20/im-still-here/#comment-817 .